Architecture built during the colonial era, Indonesia became a Dutch colony in 1600-1942, 350 years of Dutch colonialism in Indonesia. Colonial Architecture Styles developed in several countries in Europe and America. By discovering of America around 15-16 century, motivate Europeans to conquer and settle in the "New World", which is the area they visit and finally made the colony.
Colonial Architecture Styles adopted neo-classic style, that’s style oriented by classical Greek and Roman architecture. The distinguishing characteristics lies in the basic form of the building with traps of the ascent (cripedoma). The columns are Doric, Ionic and Corinthian with various forms of ornaments in this capital. Pediment shape is triangle containing relife Greek or Roman myths above a row of columns. Forms tympanum (the wall construction is triangular or semi-circle) is placed on doors and windows serve as decoration.
Characteristics of Colonial Architecture Styles in this case can be viewed in terms of its architecture as well as periodization of development can also be seen from the various elements of ornaments used the colonial buildings.
The influence of western culture looks at the big pillars, reminiscent of the shape of the classical Greek and Roman architecture. Including door is located right in the middle, flanked by large windows on both sides. Colonial Architecture Styles is a manifestation of cultural values are displayed shape of the roof, walls, doors, and windows as well as the shape of ornaments with high quality as the decorative elements of the building.
This type of roof is diverse. Type often encountered today is a flat roof made of cast concrete and sloping roof-shaped shield or a saddle. In general, the roof is a space that is not clear, most often sacrificed for the purpose of exploitation of the building volume. The roof is a crown for building propped up by the legs and body building, evidence and function as the embodiment of pride and dignity of the building itself.
Visually, the roof is a suffix of the face of the building, which is often inserted to the attic, so the roof moves backwards from the human eye. The necessity of this part is treated in terms of function and form, comes from the fact the building has a bottom (pedestal) are voicing relationship with the Earth, and the top end of the building which tells limit in the context of vertical.
Doors play an important and crucial role in generating the right direction and meaning to a space. General size doors commonly used is the ratio of the proportion of 1: 2 or 1: 3. size doors always have a different meaning, for example, short-sized door, is used as an entrance into the room more private. Human scale do not always become the benchmark for determining the size of a door. For example in a monumental building, usually the size of doors and other openings adapted to the proportion of the surrounding region.
The position of the door is determined by the function room or building, even at the boundaries of functional complex, which has a geometric harmony with the space. A high proportion of the door and the threshold of the door flat against the rest areas on the sides of the doorway is important to note. As a rule, the application system which determines the proportion of the basic floor plan and height of a building, as well as to the elements of the doors and windows. Another alternative is to create niches in the walls or the concentration of a group of openings such as doors and windows.
Windows can make people who are outside of the building can imagine the beauty of the rooms behind it. At some time, evaluation and significance of levels certain applied to the design window. The arrangement of these buildings represent the social conditions, as each level is inhabited by members of different social classes.
The existence of the window has become one of the important elements in the formation of the building. Structuring walls can also be treated as part of the sculpture of a building, a special part of the building can be highlighted by processing unique wall, which can be obtained from the selection of materials, or the way the finishing of the wall itself, such as paint color, texture, and technique. Depth of the wall can also be used as a tool to highlight the building's face.